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Târnăveni is a city in the county of Mureş in central Romania. It is the administrative centre for three other villages: Bobohalma, Botorca and Cuştelnic. With a history of economic growth in the early 20th century due to natural gas reserves, the city suffered a strong decline after the fall of communism in 1989. Today the city is still active in the chemical and textile industries, as well as in construction materials.
Târnăveni is known as the city with the largest Roma population in the county of Mures. According to 2011 census, 2350 Roma live in Târnăveni, but the actual number is estimated by the city hall services at around 5150. Roma in Târnăveni live in seven communities: Randunelelor Street, Piaţa Obor, Cojocărie, Combinat, Şoroşpata, Livezii district and Colonia Dîmbău. Quantitative and qualitative analyses performed concerning this particular segment of the population reveals that Roma in Târnăveni are among the poorest members of the county’s population.
Some of the most urgent issues they face are: difficulty in accessing social rights; poor housing conditions; lack of IDs; high unemployment rate. In what infrastructure is concerned, 90 % of the Roma in the municipality have access to electricity, only 10 % percent to natural gas, and access to drinking water is granted only through public water systems. In terms of employment, nearly half of the Roma population of working age is employed either in agriculture or as unskilled worker on construction sites. The remaining half is unemployed.
Târnăveni joined the ROMACT Programme with the signature of the Letter of Commitment by the Mayor on 4 November 2015.
The Community Action Group (CAG) – made up of Roma citizens – was officially formed on 23 October 2015 and had already established their priorities by November 2015.
|Short-term priorities of the CAG||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3||Objective 4|
|Infrastructure||Allocation of funds for the reparation of the road (approx. 1km), in front of the school;||Rehabilitation of the school court yard and giving it for use to “Bakner Foundation”;||Consolidating the sidewalk in front of the school no 3;||Reparation of streets, cleaning duct drains in order to avoid floods;|
|Education||Implement the “Second Chance” training programme for adults;||Identify root causes of conflicts between teachers and parents;|
|Housing||Disinfecting and rat exterminating services of houses;|
Long-term priorities of the CAG:
|Long-term priorities of the CAG||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3||Objective 4|
|Infrastructure||Connect all families in the community to their own water source;||Thermic rehabilitation for the School “Vasile Moldovan”||Repair the sewerage system in the school proximity||Build a playground for the children in the community;|
On 28 January 2016 a Joint Action Plan (JAP) was adopted through decision no 11/28.01.2016 of the local council of Târnăveni. The JAP includes a set of measures on education, employment, health, housing and infrastructure, most of them responding directly to the needs identified by the CAG.
The CAG is directly involved in all the steps of implementation of the measures included in the JAP, and has accepted the responsibility of data collection and monitoring of impact at community level. Furthermore, the municipal staff attended several training and coaching sessions organised by the ROMACT Programme, and benefits from the support of the ROMACT Expert on the question of application for EU Funds. Below are listed a few actions already taken by the municipality in cooperation with the CAG in accordance with the JAP.
|Measures from JAP being implemented||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3||Objective 4|
|Housing||Disinfecting and rat extermination services for School No.3 - located in the Roma community “Combinat”||Reparation of the playgrounds of schools and kindergartens where Roma children learn||Rehabilitation of social housing located in Dezrobirii street, no. 4, occupied 99% by Roma (270 persons)||Financing sanitation and waste collection services for 400 families / households in Roma communities|
|Education||Official request made to the Ministry of Education to approve the completing studies program support in creating programs for parental education|
|Other||Financing the expenditure on water consumption from 9 drinking fountains for 1,500 Roma beneficiaries||Ensuring the necessary sums to obtain documents concerning the civil status of families and individual with no income (180 beneficiaries)|
UPDATE 29/06/2016 - At the moment the Local Authority is taking in consideration updating the Local Strategy according to the needs mentioned in the Local Action Plan. In this sense, the ROMACT national support team (NPO, NFP, the facilitator and the ROMACT Expert) will offer support in updating the aforementioned document. The updating of the local development strategy is mandatory prior to their foreseen application for European Union Structural Funds, targeting the Operational Program Human Capital Development*, 4.1 – Integrated Local Development in marginalized communities.
* Priority 4, with €940 million, aims to promote social inclusion and to fight poverty. Integrated measures will help disadvantaged people, including Roma, to access the labour market, by improving their skills and supporting entrepreneurship and social enterprises, among other actions. Several vulnerable groups will be supported, such as homeless, persons suffering from dependence, victims of domestic violence or trafficking, prisoners or ex-offenders, elderly and disabled people. Specific support will also be provided to social services, such as social assistance, health and care services, including support the so-called "de-institutionalisation" (assistance to groups with care needs allowing them to live more independently instead of committing them in institutions). Source: http://ec.europa.eu/esf/main.jsp?catId=576&langId=en