Nasaud

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Ongoing
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Nicolae Mircea Romocea
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Maria Frisan - Local Expert for Roma Issues
Facilitators: 
Marius Parno
Total population: 
9 678
Source: 
Census 2011
Roma living in the Municipality: 
800
Description of the Municipality: 

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Last update: 12/01/2017
 
Nasaud is a town in Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Transylvania, Romania, between Beclean pe Somes and Bistrita municipalities and composed by Liviu Rebreanu, Lusca and Nasaud (the residence) localities. The Roma community came in Nasaud about 35 years ago; they are speaking Romani language. They are two distinctive Roma communities: Valea Spinului and Podirei. The largest Roma community is in Valea Spinului, with about 700 inhabitants. One of the biggest problems they face is the lack of jobs and lack of qualification. Another problem is the high rate of school absenteeism, drop-out, poor school enrolment and the lack of after school programs. Other issue is related to infrastructure: the roads are in a bad shape, with no sewage.

Podirei community is placed on the outskirts of the city. About 50 Roma families live in improvised homes, with no access to electricity or water. Almost all members of the community are unemployed due to lack of education / qualification. They openly recognized that they are traveling abroad and practice begging in order to put some food on the table. Because of this practice, being satisfied with the earned income, they stopped looking for jobs or show little interest. Due to the seasonal migration abroad, they take the children with them, not sending them to school (out of 30 children, only 7 are attending school). They also lack property documents.

The ROMACT Process

ROMACT process started on July 2016. The Joint Action Plan (JAP) was approved on November 29, 2016 and was included in the Local Development Strategy. The Community Action Group (CAG) identified some of the short/medium/long-term needs and measures:

PrioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3
EducationPreventing drop-out in kindergarten and school (very high rate) One school mediator positions to be establishedDevelop Second chance and School after school programs.
HealthFinancing the setting-up of a multi-functional center for the elderly/people in need One health mediator position to be establishedVaccination and early marriages prevention campaigns
InfrastructureBring drinking water and sewerage in the communityRehabilitation of the roads in the communitySchool rehabilitation
CultureThe restoration of the Roma songs and dances popular ensembleFinancing events with Roma specificPublication of brochures with information on Roma history and culture
OtherHire 2 local police for the areas inhabited by Roma peopleSocial houses for 40 Roma familiesProviding identity and property documents

Several trainings were also provided:
 
Trainings provided for the local administration:
 
Applying for European Structural Funds
Elaboration of the JAP
 
Activities involving the community action group:
 
Training on community development and civic participation
Training on human rights
Training regarding traditions and Roma culture
Training on how to set up an NGO
Info related to access to labor market
 

So far, the following measures to solve problems in Roma community were taken:
 

ProblemSolutionBudgetBeneficiariesStatus
Aggressive street dogsStray dogs collection250 eurThe entire communityProcess finished
Lack of mediatorsEmployment of a school and health mediator11.000 euro/yearThe entire communityProcess ongoing
Garbage in the communityCleaning of the River Drainage Ditches2.300 eurThe entire communityProcess finished
Lack of infrastructureRoad Paving in Roma communities23.000 eurThe entire communityProcess ongoing
Poor street infrastructureStreet asphalting in Valea Spinului area45.000 eurThe entire communityProcess ongoing
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