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Târgu Jiu is the capital of Gorj County in the Oltenia region of Romania. It is situated on the Southern Sub-Carpathians and is the administrative centre of eight localities: Bârsești, Drăgoieni, Iezureni, Polata, Preajba Mare, Romanești, Slobozia and Ursați. Out of a population of 98.000 inhabitants, the 2011 census showed that 2.683 people are Roma. Unofficial estimates mention a Roma population is ranging between 8.000 and 15.000 inhabitants. There are 3 large Roma settlements in Târgu Jiu: Meteor in which mainly Caldarash are living and Obreja and Luncilor, mostly populated by Rudari.
Târgu Jiu joined ROMACT with the signature of the Letter of Commitment by the Mayor on 4 February 2014. The municipality is involved actively for many years in approaching and solving the problems of the Roma communities. It has developed multiple projects related to infrastructure, ID and property documents, health problems. As an example, there is a Medical Centre called SPERANTA, which offers basic medical services mainly for the members of the Obreja Community, but not exclusively. In the premises of the municipality there is a public office dedicated to Roma, where there are employed 7 Roma experts coming from the 3 targeted communities and assisting Roma with social services.
The continuous involvement of the municipality as well as the one of the three different communities led to the drafting and the adoption of a Joint Action Plan for 2014- 2015 that was mainly tackling issues related to education, housing, health and employment. This Plan will be updated with new measures already defined by the CAG and will be included in the Local Development Strategy.