Ramnicu Sarat

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Ongoing
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Sorin Carjan
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Călin Mihai
Facilitators: 
Calin Iosif
Total population: 
33 843
Source: 
2011 Census
Roma living in the Municipality: 
2 797
Description of the Municipality: 

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Last update 12/10/2016

Râmnicu Sărat is a town in Buzau County, Romania. It is situated at around 6 km from another municipality of the ROMACT Programme, Ramnicelu. According to the 2011 National Census, out of a total population of 33 843 persons, 2797 declared to be Roma. Based on alternative sources, the Roma population in Râmnicu Sărat exceeds 3 500 persons. There are 4 Roma comunities in the municipality concentrated in 3 compact areas (Costieni - cca 700, Zidari - cca 2500, and Barasca - cca 700) and a fourth part spread throughout the city.
Around 30% belong to lăieși group, and the rest of 70% is divided between zidari, cărămidari and spoitori. The different communities bear the names of their traditional occupations - professions which are still practiced today: zidari or masons with construction works as a main occupation, cărămidari  or brick makers, and spoitori or tin pot painters. Only the spoitori  group preserved the use of Romani language.

Among the most important issues of the Roma community in Râmnicu Sărat is the lack of property and identification documents (this is the case for around 25% of the 875 Roma households in the municipality). Some houses were built without construction permits in flood plains which makes them not only impossible to legalise, but also a threat to the safety of their dwellers. The lack of IDs impacts the ability of Roma citizens to find formal work and have health insurance coverage as well as access to other social rights. Furthermore, infrastructure is lacking in some areas of the municipality, translated in a complete lack of utilities especially for the more compact Roma communities (running water, sewarage system, electricity, paved roads, public means of transport). In terms of health, around 25% of the total Roma population is not covered by the national health care system. There is a high drop-out rate among Roma children, an issue that the municipality had tried to alleviate before through a tutoring programme, which was finally stopped due to lack of funding. 

The ROMACT Process

  • The ROMACT process started in Râmnicu Sărat with the signature of the Letter of Commitment by the former Mayor of the municipality on 19 March 2016. After local elections in June 2016, Mr Sorin Carjan took office as the new mayor of the municipality and renewed the committment to the programme soon after. 
  • The Community Action Group (CAG) in Râmnicu Sărat started to meet in November 2015, and with the coaching of the ROMACT facilitator defined the following short-term and long-term community needs:
Short-term prioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3
InfrastructureRemove the garbage deposits close to the people's homesEnsure cleaning of the public areas, streetsRepair and install public lighting
HousingSolve the issue of lack of property documentsProvide land plots to young Roma families
OtherSolve the issue of lack of identity papers
Long-term prioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3Objective 4
EmploymentCreating job opportunities in the municipality was another priority for the Roma community
EducationEquip the school with the needed infrastructureAddress poor attendance of Roma children in kindergarten
HealthBuild a medical centreEmploy a health mediator Provide members of the community with access to medical treatmentAddress poor vaccination rate of Roma children
InfrastructureBuild sewarage systemBuild running water networkConnect Roma houses to electricity
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Timeline Points

19 Mar 2016
STEP 1 - BECOMING COMMITTED - Letter of Committment signed by the Mayor
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