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Last update 12/10/2016
Râmnicu Sărat is a town in Buzau County, Romania. It is situated at around 6 km from another municipality of the ROMACT Programme, Ramnicelu. According to the 2011 National Census, out of a total population of 33 843 persons, 2797 declared to be Roma. Based on alternative sources, the Roma population in Râmnicu Sărat exceeds 3 500 persons. There are 4 Roma comunities in the municipality concentrated in 3 compact areas (Costieni - cca 700, Zidari - cca 2500, and Barasca - cca 700) and a fourth part spread throughout the city.
Around 30% belong to lăieși group, and the rest of 70% is divided between zidari, cărămidari and spoitori. The different communities bear the names of their traditional occupations - professions which are still practiced today: zidari or masons with construction works as a main occupation, cărămidari or brick makers, and spoitori or tin pot painters. Only the spoitori group preserved the use of Romani language.
Among the most important issues of the Roma community in Râmnicu Sărat is the lack of property and identification documents (this is the case for around 25% of the 875 Roma households in the municipality). Some houses were built without construction permits in flood plains which makes them not only impossible to legalise, but also a threat to the safety of their dwellers. The lack of IDs impacts the ability of Roma citizens to find formal work and have health insurance coverage as well as access to other social rights. Furthermore, infrastructure is lacking in some areas of the municipality, translated in a complete lack of utilities especially for the more compact Roma communities (running water, sewarage system, electricity, paved roads, public means of transport). In terms of health, around 25% of the total Roma population is not covered by the national health care system. There is a high drop-out rate among Roma children, an issue that the municipality had tried to alleviate before through a tutoring programme, which was finally stopped due to lack of funding.
|Short-term priorities||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3|
|Infrastructure||Remove the garbage deposits close to the people's homes||Ensure cleaning of the public areas, streets||Repair and install public lighting|
|Housing||Solve the issue of lack of property documents||Provide land plots to young Roma families|
|Other||Solve the issue of lack of identity papers|
|Long-term priorities||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3||Objective 4|
|Employment||Creating job opportunities in the municipality was another priority for the Roma community|
|Education||Equip the school with the needed infrastructure||Address poor attendance of Roma children in kindergarten|
|Health||Build a medical centre||Employ a health mediator||Provide members of the community with access to medical treatment||Address poor vaccination rate of Roma children|
|Infrastructure||Build sewarage system||Build running water network||Connect Roma houses to electricity|