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Cumpăna is a rural administrative entity that belongs to Constanta County and is situated in the South-East part of Romania, close to the shore of the Black Sea. Cumpăna’s profile is predominantly agrarian, being geographical favored by the proximity to Constanta which represent a very important outlet.
Roma citizens represent only 2% of the total population. However, various EU funded projects in the village use an estimate of 2.500 Roma citizens living in Cumpăna. The difference in numbers is mostly due to the fact that Roma in Cumpăna identified as Turks rather than Roma during the national census. This contributes to the limitation of local authorities access specific funds. The Roma community is composed of Ursari and Xoraxane (Turkish speaking and Muslim) groups. Most Roma people have not benefited in any way from the positive effects of economic success in recent years, in Cumpăna.
These groups and particularly the Xoraxane Roma are particularly affected by the lack of education and lack of job opportunities in the region. Their occupations are temporary, especially during the summer season at the Black Sea. Most of the Roma women are involved into domestic activities, while the men are involved in temporary jobs, or informal activities in agriculture. It is also connected with extremely poor living conditions.
Cumpăna is one of the local administrations where there is a real interest to support vulnerable groups living in the municipality. The Mayor committed the support of the local authority through a Letter of Commitment on 7 February 2014. The municipality provided all the support for the Community Action Group to become functional and prioritize its needs (improvement of housing conditions for families who did not benefit from PHARE funds, support for the creation of small businesses to generate employment opportunities for Rom, access to Second Chance Educational Program for young adults, support for access to IDs and property documents, support for access to primary health care services, Day- care Centre available in the Roma community)
The CAG and Local Authorities cooperation led to the adoption of the Joint Action Plan in December 2014. In November 2015, this Action Plan was updated and included in the Local Action for Roma Inclusion for the period 2015- 2020. Regardless, however, the financial allocations for the development projects were foreseen from external sources, mainly EU funds and not from the local budget.