Resita

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Closed
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Ioan Popa
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Cosmin Enuica - head of the social department/ Resita City Hall
Facilitators: 
Daniel Grebeldinger
Total population: 
73 282
Roma living in the Municipality: 
1 043
Description of the Municipality: 

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Last update: 12/01/2017
 
Resita Municipality, county seat of Caras-Severin County, lies in the south-western part of Romania. Resita is not only Romania’s oldest iron-and-steel industrial center but also one of the most imposing industrial citadels of south-eastern Europe.

Being one of the mono industrial cities of Romania which after 1989 had a very strong economical fell down, Resita managed to decrease the number of population with almost 25.000 inhabitants. In the city are now living 73.282 people, from which officially approx. 1.000 Roma, but in reality are much more (around 3.500).
 
There are 8 Roma communities in the city: Mociur, Calnic, Terova, La moara, Triaj, Dealu Mare, Muncitoresc and Stavila.

The Roma community from Mociur consist in 96 apartments (where are living 386 people) located in 2 buildings which are in a very bad shape. The level of education here is very low. The kids are studying in a segregated school located near the two blocs. There are no roads and the unemployment rate is very high.
A big part of the people has renting contracts for the flats with the municipality (which owns the two blocks). Most of them are Hungarian Roma and speak Romani. They were working in a state owned company until the year of 2000 where it closed and they remained unemployed. The community has a school mediator.

The Roma community from Calnic is located at the periphery of Calnic neighbourhood, an area which officially it’s just a field. More than 150 people live here; none of the houses have documents, the community has one leader which represents them. The Roma in Calnic are local Roma, which grow horses and live from begging and collecting plastic. The kids are learning in a segregated school. There are no roads, and water supply in the community. The school has school mediator.

The Roma community from Terova is a small community from the village Terova, near Resita, with around 80 Roma people. They are traditional Roma, a big part of them living abroad. The most important problems are related to the ownership papers of the houses, with the water supply and the roads.
 
La Moara community has around 70 people located in an old building in Resita, under the municipality’s property.  They have contracts on the flats. The employment rate is very low. The most important problems are the access to water and the children’s participation in education.
 
Triaj community is a small one, having around 15 houses which are spread on a street with very big problems regarding access to services. The most important problem here are the roads and employment.

Dealu Mare community is located in the back of a factory and numbers around 300 people. The kids are learning all in a school were the majority of the pupils are Roma. They have a school mediator and the biggest problems are the roads and access to work.
 
Muncitoresc numbers the biggest Roma community from Resita. They are spread on several streets and part of them are traditional Roma. The kids are leaning in School no.1, they have a school mediator and they can study Romani language. The biggest problems are the housing and the employment. There are around 15 families living in very bad housing condition.
 
Stavila is a small Roma community were live around 50 people, in very poor conditions. The most important problems are housing conditions, roads and water supply.
 

The ROMACT Process

ROMACT process started on October 2016.  The local action plan was adopted by the Local Council on May 30 2017. The Community Action Group (CAG) identified some of the short/medium/long-term needs and measures:

PrioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3
EducationRealize programs and projects to reduce school dropout and absenteeismImplement School after School and Second Chance ProgramsEmploy a school mediator
HealthOrganize campaigns related to vaccination, pregnancy, contagious diseases Employ a health mediator
InfrastructureSolve ownership rights of lands and houses held by Roma inhabitantsRehabilitate the housesRehabilitate roads and connect houses to public utilities
OtherSolve lack of ID papers and civil status documentsOffer professional trainings/qualifications Create new jobs

Trainings/expertise provided for the local administration:
 
Training - Elaboration of the JAP
Training - Applying for European Structural Funds  
Training on accessing funds/implementing/ monitoring the implementation of projects
Capacitate the local administration on CLLD (5.1) and POCU (4.1) funding opportunities
Coaching the LA in the contracting phase - project won under the Human Capital Operational Program 2014-2020, Axis 5.1
 
Activities involving the community action group:
 
Training on community development
 
Results:
 
Several projects related to ROMACT purpose are implemented:
 
Employment of 2 health mediators
Local Authority budget – 13.500 euro/year            
Status: Started on January 2017 - ongoing
Beneficiaries: the entire community
 
Employment of 2 School mediators
Local Authority budget – 16.000 euro/year
Status: Started on January 2017 – ongoing
Beneficiaries: the entire community

Acquisition of school furniture in Dealu Mare School
Local Authority budget – 5.000 euro
Status: Process finished
Beneficiaries: pupils
 
Project: Network of cities which use CLLD principles and cultural activities to promote Roma inclusion in Europe
Financing authority: Europe citizen program, measure 2.2 Thematic Network of towns
Budget: 150.000 euro
Beneficiaries: the entire community
Status: ongoing
 
Project: Supporting community development, urban regeneration and social inclusion in Resita
Financing authority: European Social Fund, Human Capital Operational Program POCU - Priority Axis 5.1.
Budget: 48.544 euro
Beneficiaries: the entire community
Status: process closed
 
Project: Supporting community development, urban regeneration and social inclusion in Resita
Financing authority: European Social Fund, Human Capital Operational Program POCU - Priority Axis 5.1.
Budget: 7.000.000 euro
Beneficiaries: the entire Roma community
Status: project approved
 

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