Simleu Silvaniei

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Ongoing
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Septimiu Calin Turcas
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Daniel Stejerean
Facilitators: 
Laura Tartiu
Total population: 
17 342
Source: 
2012 Census
Roma living in the Municipality: 
2 362
Description of the Municipality: 

*Disclaimer: The information and views set out in this page do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Council of Europe and/or the European Commission. Neither the Council of Europe, the European Commission nor any person acting on their behalf may be held responsible for the use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Last update: 03/10/2016

Șimleul Silvaniei is located in the Sălaj County, around 29 km from the county capital Zalău, in North-Western Romania. According to the last census of 2012, the total population of Șimleul Silvaniei amounts to 17 341 inhabitants, of which 2 362 people are Roma. Nevertheless, unofficial estimates mention that the Roma population could go as high as 3000 people. The Roma live in communities of different sizes, with the largest one being Pusta Vale, situated 7 km away from the municipality. 
It is a traditional community where Romani language is used on a daily basis and where religion plays an important role. As a consequence, the community is quite attached to the local Pastor, who is considered their spiritual leader, and he is very involved in the community life.

The area where most Roma live in Simleul Silvaniei is connected to the water, electricity, sewerage networks, with the exception of a few streets, accounting for approximately 500 people that are not covered by these services. Most of the homes in the community are modest; some of them are in an advanced stage of degradation and they required urgent pest control measures, as well as rehabilitation and connection to utilities.

The main problems that Roma face in Simleul Silvaniei are in the field of healthcare (lack of access to medical insurance and facilities, and lack of health mediators) and employment (there are high rates of unemployed among the Roma). A large share of the Roma population is a welfare recipient and is working on day to day jobs or seasonal jobs.

ROMACT Simleul Silvaniei Photo gallery

The ROMACT Process

Simleu Silvaniei joined the ROMACT Programme on 19th January 2016, when the Mayor signed the Letter of Commitment. The Local Authorities (LA) of Simleu Silvaniei have taken a series of actions towards the improvement of Roma citizenry living standards, materialised in several educational programs, improvement of infrastructure and of social services. There is a Roma representative in the Local Council.
As in most locations where the ROMACT Programme is being implemented, the Community Action Group in Simleul Silvaniei (CAG) came up with lists of short-term and long-term priorities for their community:
 

Short-term prioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3
InfrastructureTo ensure all houses have electricity Rehabilitation of an old building which used to be a schoolTo build a medical facility
EducationExtending the day care and the school in the community, physically and in terms of study possibilitiesTo restart second chance school and an after school programmeTo ensure there is available transportation for children to attend school at all levels
EmploymentHelp Roma citizens access funds for small business development
Long-term prioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3Objective 4
InfrastructureExtend the water, sewerage and electricity networks so that it reaches the entire community
EducationDecrease the number of school dropouts among Roma childrenDevelop educational programmes for Roma parents and for adults in generalEmploy a school mediatorImplementing programmes in order to develop and sustain permanent education
HealthHave a pharmacy in the villageEmploy a health mediator
OtherBuild social housesBuild a chapel in the cemetery for religious burialsCreate a playground for the children in the communityRenovate the church in the community

Timeline Points

11 Sep 2015
STEP 1 - BECOMING COMMITTED - Letter of Committment signed by the Mayor
2 Mar 2016
Creation of the CAG in Simleul Silvaniei
25 Apr 2016
STEP 2 - AGREEING ON NEEDS AND PLANS - First Joint Meeting between the CAG and LA
7 May 2016
CAG and LA joint training on EU funds
12 May 2016
LA training on writing applications for EU funds
5 Jun 2016
Local Elections in Romania - Round 1
19 Jun 2016
Local Elections in Romania - Round 2
Disclaimer - © Council of Europe 2015 - © photo credit