Iernut

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Closed
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Ioan Nicoara
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Catarig Laura - Chief of procurement office
Facilitators: 
Maria Lepadat
Total population: 
8 705
Source: 
Census 2011
Roma living in the Municipality: 
382
Description of the Municipality: 

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Iernut city is situated in Mures County, 30 km Targu Mureș (the residence city). The city is crossed by Mures River, providing conditions for water supply and water energy. Iernut city hall manages 6 villages: Cipau, Deag, Lechinta, Oarba de Mures, Salcud and Sfantu Gheorghe. The ethnic structure of the population is: 6.347 Romanian, 1.112 Hungarians, 846 Roma and 400 other ethnicities. Only 57% of the population has access to water supplying services, and only 45% to sewage system. The health infrastructure is not better – there are only 8 doctors in the municipality, 4 dentists, 5 pharmacists and there is no hospital in the municipality, only 1 private clinic.
 
There are 2 compact Roma communities: Cipau and Horea. Infrastructure is very poor in Cipau community – no/little connection to utilities, no asphalted road. Health infrastructure is also not very good, there are no medical facilities on a radius of 5 km from Roma community. There are 186 Roma children aged 3 to 15 and only 80 of them are going to school (they have to take care of their younger siblings as parents are often away for occasional works). 150 families benefit from social support. The medium size of a Roma family is 6 in Cipau community, respectively 4 members in Horea. 48 households are at immediate eviction risk because the inhabitants illegally built homes on private properties and there are court decisions for eviction.
 

The ROMACT Process

ROMACT process started on June 2017 with the signature of the Letter of Agreement. The Joint Action Plan (JAP) was approved on 27 November 2017. The Community Action Group (CAG) identified some of the short/medium/long-term needs and the solutions:

PrioritiesObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3
EducationSetting up two professors positions to support the Roma community Offer scholarships for 20 Roma studentsDevelop Second chance and School after school programs
HealthSetting up and ensure the functioning of a social bath Establishing a medical center to serve the entire Roma communityVaccination and tuberculosis campaigns, HIV / AIDS and BTS (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), healthy eating and home hygiene campaigns
InfrastructureBringing drinking water, sewerage and public lightning in the communityRoads rehabilitation in the communitySetting up a day care center to prevent school dropout
CultureFunding events to promote Roma traditions, customs, songs and games in the framework of Iernut City Days.Financing events with Roma specific
HousingConstruction of 40 social housingRehabilitation and extension of housing in Roma neighborhoodsSetting up a leisure complex for children
OtherHire one local police for the areas inhabited by Roma peopleFinancing sanitation and domestic waste collection in Roma communities Acquisition of 20 organic toilets to be located in Roma communities

Several training were provided:

Local Authorities representatives were trained/coached on :
* Elaboration of the JAP
* Working methodology on collaboration between General Directorates for Social Assistance  and Child Protection Social Services
* Writing a competitive proposal for ROP, PA 13.1
* Project management vocational training
* Public procurement expert vocational training

CAG members were coached/trained on: 
* Community development and civic participation
 
The following measures to solve problems in Roma community were taken:
* Renovation of  street infrastructure (street lighting)
* Ensuring hot meal for vulnerable students;
* School after school for vulnerable students
* Replacing the fines given by the police by community service
* Heating aids
* Collective cleaning activity in Cipau neighborhood
* Set up of  20 ecological toilets
* Celebration of International Roma Day

The Municipality benefited of ROMACT expertise for the following project:
* Improving the quality of life for population  from Iernut- ROP 13.1- Under evaluation
 

Timeline Points

7 Aug 2017
Step 1- Becoming Commited- Signature of the letter of commitment
27 Nov 2017
Step 3- Translating priorities into measures- Joint Action Plan for Roma inclusion adopted by City Council
26 Jan 2018
Joint Action Plan included in the Local Development Strategy
28 Sep 2018
Step 4- Funding, Implementing and Monitoring- Project proposal submitted under ROP 13.1
28 Feb 2019
End of ROMACT process
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