The ROMACT cycle in Aiud was closed in May 2016.
The participatory processes between the Local Authorities and the Community Action Group, as well as the implementation of the measures adopted in the Joint Action Plan, continue independently and are being closely monitored by the ROMACT National Support Team in Romania. For further information on the progress made in Aiud since the closure of the ROMACT cycle, please contact any member of the ROMACT National Support Team and/or Ms Cosmina Niculita - contact person within the local administration of Aiud for the ROMACT Programme.
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The Municipality of Aiud is located in Transylvania region, centre of Romania. It consists in the city and ten villages. In this former industrial city, the labour market shrunk after the change of regime in 1989 and the closer of the metallurgic factory that hired over 10,000 workers. Consequently, the population pauperized and a large amount of youth emigrated.
According to the 2011 census, the Roma are the third largest ethnic minority, representing around 4% of the total population. Estimates of the local non-governmental organisations situate the Roma in Aiud at almost 10% of the general population. Roma communities are dispersed throughout the city, more specifically in seven distinct places: Budu, Pasunii, Vale, Drum, Tiglariei, Bufa and Polygon. All of them are located outskirt at the edge of the city. Most of the Roma are unemployed, and live from the social benefits.
They are facing issues related to infrastructure (lack of sewage, gas and asphalting in several neighbourhoods), lack of documents for the buildings and lands for about 80% of Roma in Aiud as well as risks of evictions for Roma living in social housing that are claimed by the previous owners. School drop-out is also an issue that concerns 30% of Roma children. In terms of employment, only 30% of the Roma in the age of working are employed.
The Mayor of Aiud signed the Letter of Commitment on 7 February 2014. The priorities identified by the CAG, focusing mostly on short term development needs, were endorsed in May 2014 by the Local Council as part of the extended Municipality Development Plan.
Both as short term and as long term priorities, Aiud LA endorsed measures on Roma referring to:
Education and employment
Some of these measures have already been implemented, such as the construction of four social houses with the support of the local authorities, the transportation to school for children from Bufa and Poligon, the support to access to ID and property documents for 37 households, the registration of all Roma to a family doctor and the financial support to the Day centre for monthly activities for Roma children.
ROMACT will also support the coaching of the municipality staff members to apply for EU funds in order implement further the Action Plan.