Dobrich

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Closed
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Yordan Yordanov
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
Galina Mitkova – Head of the Office and Administration Department
Facilitators: 
Kamen Makaveev
Total population: 
110 394
Source: 
Dobrich Municipality data
Roma living in the Municipality: 
2 482
Description of the Municipality: 

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Dobrich city is the second largest economic and regional center in northeastern Bulgaria, in the eastern part of the Dobrudja plateau. Located between the Black Sea and the Danube River, 40 km from the border with Romania and 45 km from Varna Airport, Dobrich has 110.394 permanent residents (according to data from Dobrich Municipality) or 84.170 residents (according to the national census from 2011). The ethnic structure of the population is comparable to the average for the cities in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian ethnic group represents 87.5% of the total population of Dobrich, with 8.1% Turks, the Roma ethnic group numbering 3.0% of the total population. According to the local authorities, about 5.000 people are at risk of poverty: 3.000 Turks and 2.000 Roma. 
 
Dobrich Region ranks among the top four regions with the largest Roma population.  In the municipality of Dobrich, self-identified as Roma counts 2.482, but their actual number is much higher (about 12.000).
 
In the municipality of Dobrich there are three neighborhoods with compact Roma population, 80% of them being from the group of millet, 19% of Bulgarian Roma and 1% of caldarasch:

  • - In Izgrev there are more than 5.000 people
  • - In Iglika district there are about 1.500 people
  • - In Russia neighborhood there are about 1000 people.

 
In general, these neighborhoods are characterized by insufficient infrastructure, poor living conditions, low economic activity of the population and high dependence on social benefits. Over 95% of the dwellings are provided with water and electricity. However, the number of dwellings for which the water supply does not meet the legal requirements is significant. Infrastructure in the entire municipality is heavily depreciated, but in some parts of the Roma neighborhoods it is almost completely unusable.
 
A significant part of the Roma are health uninsured (over 50%) and they are deprived of the opportunity to benefit from medical assistance.
 

The ROMACT Process

Dobrich municipality joined the ROMACT program in March 2017 with the signature of the letter of agreement. 
 In December 2017, some CAG members joined the Municipal Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Demographic Issues (Taskforce).
 
The main problems identified by the CAG are:

  • - The illegal houses built on several streets
  • - The registration of multiple people on the same address
  • - Issues related with obtaining identification documents
  • - Issues with the sewage system on several streets
  • - Issues with the water and electrical supply system
  • - The waste from construction that pollutes the neighborhood and prevents the use of these places as playgrounds or sports grounds
  • - The lack of street lightening

 
Several trainings were provided:
 
Local authorities were coached/ trained on:
 - Training “Approaches to work with and in the Roma community”
- Training on “Experience and practice about addressing marginalization”
- The international and national legal framework regulating local self-government
- Normative documents regulating the civil registration, the issuance of Bulgarian identity documents, the municipal budget process and other relevant laws
- The regulatory and policy framework governing the social inclusion of disadvantaged persons and groups at local level.
- Drafting project idea and partnership under transnational cooperation 
- Funding opportunities to implement the activities planned in MAPRI Dobrich

The CAG was trained/coached on:
- Preparation and adoption of municipal budget

The Local Authorities,  the CAG and pedagogical staff received a training on social inclusion of vulnerable groups at local level.
 
The following measures to solve problems in Roma community were taken:
 - Overall change of the water infrastructure and the adjacent upper street infrastructure in the Roma neighborhoods - OP Environment
- Cleaning the construction landfill and cleaning of sewerage shafts in the Roma neighbourhood, removal of dangerous dried trees
- Regular additional cleaning of public spaces in the Roma neighborhood
- Repair of three streets in the Roma neighborhood
- Mapping of unlawful houses in the Roma neighbourhood and planning of individual measures for adressing each case   

The Municipality benefited of ROMACT expertise for the following project:
 Equal access to quality education for children and students from ethnic minorities- Ministry of Education (COIDUEM) - Approved- Budget- 20 000 €
 
 
In the media
 
The ROMACT program will be available only in Bulgaria and Romania next year. In Dobrich there are already results from the activities of ROMACT
The Municipal Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Demographic Issues meets in Dobrich
 The ROMACT program in Dobrich has real results
 They solve Roma issues within a European program

 
 
 

Timeline Points

6 Mar 2017
Step 1- Becoming Commited- Signature of the letter of commitment
8 Jun 2017
Creation of CAG
13 Dec 2017
Inclusion of CAG members in the Municipal Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Demographic Issues (Taskforce)
31 Mar 2018
Step 4- Funding, Implementing, Monitoring- Project proposal was submitted to the Ministry of Eudcation
29 Jan 2019
Step 3- Translating priorities into measures and projects- Adoption of the Municipal Action Plan for Roma Inclusion by the Local Council
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