Borovan

General Information
 
ROMACT Cycle: 
Closed
Mayor of the Municipality: 
Desislava Todorova
Contact Person within the Municipality: 
: Ani Iskrenova - Head Expert, European projects and national programs department
Facilitators: 
Alexandra Raykova
Total population: 
5 714
Source: 
Census 2011
Roma living in the Municipality: 
359
Description of the Municipality: 

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Located in Vratsa Province, northwestern Bulgaria, Borovan has a total population of approximately 6.000 inhabitants, out of which 7% are of Roma ethnicity. Unofficially, sources at the municipality level estimate that in reality the Roma community consists of more than 40% of the total population.  Borovan municipality includes 5 settlements – Borovan, Dobrolevo, Nivyanin, Sirakovo and Malorad, the village of Borovan being the administrative center of the municipality.

The Roma population numbers around 3.000 people and live in separate neighborhoods concentrated in 3 settlements - Borovan, Dobrolevo and Malorad.

In Dobrolevo are living around 300 – 400 Roma people. There are two Roma settlements/slums.  About 70% from the Roma population in the village is unemployed. Many Roma who have high school education are also unemployed. In Malorad are living about 1.000 Roma; about 600 of them live in a Roma neighborhood, the rest dispersed in the village. Around 90% of the Roma people are unemployed. In Borovan are living around 300 Roma people who are based in one Roma slum. Among the reasons for the unemployment is the low education as well as that some lost motivation and work habits due to long-term unemployment.

Some of the main issues they face are:  
 

  • - Extremely high unemployment rates - over 90%
  • - A great percentage are without health insurance – around 50 %
  • - A huge portion of people have a low level of education
  • - Lack of infrastructure, especially lack of street lights, lack of sanitation and running water
  • - Many Roma people are living in poverty and below the threshold of subsistence

- Some petty crime can be observed in the villages as a result of the poverty

The ROMACT Process

Borovan municipality joined the ROMACT program in September 2016. On the 21st of July 2017, the Municipal Council adopted the up-dated Municipal Action Plan for Roma Integration 2017-2020.
 
The Community Action Group (CAG) identified some of the short/medium/long-term problems and proposed the following solutions:

  • - To reduce the kindergarten taxes
  • - To ensure bus for the children to go to kindergarten and school
  • - To clean the dumps
  • - To fix the street lights
  • - To ensure employment
  • - To open social shop with food on reduced/preferential prices
  • - To employ some night guards in the villages 
     
  • Several trainings were provided:
     
    Trainings/expertise provided for the local administration:
     
    Training Approaches to work with and in the Roma community
    Training on principles of non-formal education - understanding of Human rights and Human rights education
    Consultation the elaboration of a project concept towards inclusion of vulnerable groups under an integrated procedure of OPHRD and OPSEIG
    Coaching on relevant funding opportunities of announced procedures under OPHRD
    Coaching on elaboration of project proposal under Procedure 33.16-2017 - Centre for educational integration of children and student from ethnic minorities (COIDUEM) to Ministry of Education
    Project planning and consultation on the proposed activities in the Municipal Concept for social inclusion
    Workshop Good practice on Roma integration policy
     
    Activities involving the community action group:
     
    Training support on advocacy, participation and understanding of local governance
     

So far, the following measures to solve problems in Roma community were taken:
 
School bus for the winter period for children and students
Funds: municipality
 
Bus sheds for the bus stops in Dobrolevo and Sirakovo villages
Funds: Municipality
 
Warm lunch for pupils
Funds: Municipality
 
Campaign against drop-out
Funds: Municipality
 
Educational project for two municipal kindergartens
Funds: Municipality
 
Appointment of a medical nurse for the kindergarten and school
Funds: Municipality
 
Appointment of 1 health mediator
Funds: Municipality, Bulgarian Health Mediators Network
 
Appointment of 4 Roma police mediators in Byala Slatina police station
Funds: Police station Byala Slatina in charge of Borovan municipality
 
Employment of 55 Roma for public work
Funds: Municipality/National employment programme "Work"
 
Renovation of the street from the Roma settlement from Dobrolevo village
Funds: Municipality
 
Repair of a 4 streets network of Borovan municipality
Funds: municipality
Employment of 35 young Roma
Funds: Municipality/Youth Employment Programme
 
Finalization and furnishing of the Roma Cultural – Information Centre in Malorad village
Funds: Municipality

Activities for the International Roma Day
Funds: Municipality and CAG
 
Acknowledgment of 8th of April as a municipal event 
Funds: Municipality
 
Prophylactic examinations for tuberculosis
Budget: Ministry of Health in co-operation with the Regional Health Inspectorate & the Municipality
 
Medical examination for people without health insurance in Borovan Village Clinic
Funds: Municipality
 
Cleaning of Borovan Graveyard
Funds: Municipality
 
Project: "Concept of municipality Borovan for social inclusion of vulnerable groups", submitted under N 64/15.12.2016
Beneficiaries: 700 Roma
Budget: 282.000 euro
Status: approved
 
Project: Together we can do more - for quality education in kindergartens in Borovan municipality
Beneficiaries: 124 children
Budget: 19.095 euro
Status: approved
 

Timeline Points

30 Sep 2016
Step 1- Becoming Commited- Signature of the letter of commitment
10 Oct 2016
Creation of CAG
28 Nov 2016
Creation of Taskforce
13 Jan 2017
Step 2- Agreeing on needs and plans- Community priorities list finalised
21 Jul 2017
Step 3- Translating priorities into measures- MAPRI updated and adopted by City Council
12 Dec 2017
Creation of a Commission for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Taskforce
31 May 2018
Step 4- Funding, Implementing and Monitoring- Project proposal for Concept of municipality Borovan for social inclusion of vulnerable groups- ESIF
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