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Last update 27/10/2016
Bari is an Italian municipality situated in Southern Italy, capital of the Apulia region. With a total population of little over 320 000 according to the latest census data, Bari is also home to around 350 Roma persons according to the local estimates. The Roma population in Bari is spread in six distinct areas in the outskirts or in the city. Japigia is the only legal settlement (donated by the City Council to a pro-Roma NGO) where around 46 families - roughly 130 persons out of which 20 are children - settled from Romania. The families live in shacks, trailers or containers. The implication of the NGO also helps in managing the contributions of families to services such as cleaning and security. There are only two water-closets and two showers put at the disposal of the families. In Japigia the Roma community benefits from the presence and implication of a Roma mediator, formally trained under the ROMED Programme. During the ealry 2000s Roma families from Suceava, Romania, also settled in an olive grove close to the city, an area commonly referred to as S. Candida. Persons living in this area are exposed to grave risks as their shacks were built on a floodable landplot - a risk known to have manifested violently in the past years. Roma families are also known to dwell in Strada Cannone in shacks, in the S. Giorgio district, via Brigada Regina, via Bruno Buozzi, s. Nicola dei Bosniaci, near the Majestic Hotel, . while most Roma families come from Romania, there are also Albanian and Bosnian Roma families, particularly in the latter settlement. The intervention of the ROMACT facilitator mobilised members of the Roma community particularly from Japigia and S. Candida.
All the monitored Roma dwellings in Bari are shacks made out of recycled wood and plastic, except for Japigia where some of the families live in trailers or in containers; as well as in S. Giorgio where three abandoned houses in a very bad shape were occupied by the families living there.
In Japigia there is an "Artisan" Cooperative where Roma find temporary work for flat refurbishments, and some of the families created enterprises. However they struggle to find opportunities as they do not have experience in participating to public calls.
The ROMACT Process started in November 2015 with the signature of the Letter of Committment by the mayor of Bari. The Community Action Group (CAG) regrouping Roma citizens from the areas of Japigia and S. Candida was created with the assistance of the ROMACT facilitator in February 2016 and started defining the most pressing needs of the community:
|Short-term priorities of the CAG||Objective 1||Objective 2||Objective 3|
|Employment||Facilitate access to a flea market to Roma families||Provide training to Roma entrepreneurs on responding to public calls|
|Housing||Seek more sustainable housing solutions||increase the number of toilets and lavatories||Solving emergency housing issues for Roma living in S. Candida|
|Infrastructure||Extension of the sewerage system|
|Other||ultural space for young and for women to support creativity expression and cultural activities|
The cooperation with stakeholders at local level, through the ROMACT process, is ongoing. On 11-12 May 2016, a workshop was organised in the municipality with the aim of discussing the measures to be included in the draft Local Action Plan (LAP) of the municipality for Roma inclusion, integrating the needs of the CAG mentioned above. The Local Action Plan was finalised on 25 October 2016 and presented in a public session before being sent to the Local Council for final adoption.