The population of Roma origin living in Hungary is estimated at 700,000 (Council of Europe, 2010). 81% of them are at risk of poverty compared to 38% of non Roma (UNDP, 2011). Hungary is a unitary State organised on a decentralised basis; the Basic Law recognises local governmental system (Art. 31-35). It has three levels of governance: the central, regional (county), and local levels. The adoption of the Law on Local Self-Government of 1990 was the starting point of the decentralisation process. Furthermore, a new Law on Local Self-Governments was adopted in 2011, which brought about important changes to the territorial organisation and distribution of competences since it re-centralised a certain number of competences. In Hungary, 3 municipalities participate in the ROMACT Programme: Acs, Bicske, Ercsi.